# [paper] Gyromagnetic g_{s} factors of the spin-1/2 particles in the (½^{+}-½^{–}-3/2^{–}) triad of the four-vector spinor, ψ_{μ}, irreducibility and linearity

*Gyromagnetic g _{s} factors of the spin-1/2 particles in the (½^{+}-½^{–}-3/2^{–}) triad of the four-vector spinor, ψ_{μ}, irreducibility and linearity*

E.G. Delgado Acosta et al.

DOI: 10.1142/S0218301315500603

The gauged Klein–Gordon equation, extended by a g_{s}σ_{μν}F^{μν}/4 interaction, the contraction of the electromagnetic field strength tensor, Fμν, with the generators, σ_{μν}/2, of the Lorentz group in (1/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 1/2), and g_{s} being the gyromagnetic factor, is examined with the aim to find out as to what extent it qualifies as a wave equation for general relativistic spin-1/2 particles transforming as (1/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 1/2) and possibly distinct from the Dirac fermions. This equation can be viewed as the generalization of the g_{s} = 2 case, known under the name of the Feynman–Gell-Mann equation, the only one which allows for a bilinearization into the gauged Dirac equation and its conjugate. At the same time, it is well-known a fact that a g_{s} = 2 value can also be obtained upon the bilinearization of the nonrelativistic Schrödinger into nonrelativistic Pauli equations. The inevitable conclusion is that it must not be necessarily relativity which fixes the gyromagnetic factor of the electron to g(1/2) = 2, but rather the specific form of the primordial quadratic wave equation obeyed by it, that is amenable to a linearization. The fact is that space-time symmetries alone define solely the kinematic properties of the particles and neither fix the values of their interacting constants, nor do they necessarily prescribe linear Lagrangians. Information on such properties has to be obtained from additional physical inputs involving the dynamics. We here provide an example in support of the latter statement. Our case is that the spin-1/2- fermion residing within the four-vector spinor triad, ψ_{μ} ~ (½^{+}-½^{–}-3/2^{–}), whose sectors at the free particle level are interconnected by spin-up and spin-down ladder operators, does not allow for a description within a linear framework at the interacting level. Upon gauging, despite transforming according to the irreducible (1/2, 1) ⊕ (1, 1/2) building block of ψ_{μ}, and being described by 16-dimensional four-vector spinors, though of only four independent components each, its Compton scattering cross sections, both differential and total, result equivalent to those for a spin-1/2 particle described by the generalized Feynman–Gell-Mann equation from above (for which we provide an independent algebraic motivation) and with g(½^{–}) = -2/3. In effect, the spin-½^{–} particle residing within the four-vector spinor effectively behaves as a true relativistic “quadratic” fermion. The g(½^{–}) = -2/3 value ensures in addition the desired unitarity in the ultraviolet. In contrast, the spin-½^{+} particle, in transforming irreducibly in the (1/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 1/2) sector of ψ_{μ}, is shown to behave as a truly linear Dirac fermion. Within the framework employed, the three spin sectors of ψμ are described on equal footing by representation- and spin-specific wave equations and associated Lagrangians which are of second-order in the momenta.